What do we know about Georges Dantès? That he was a villain and shot the duel of the poet Alexander Pushkin. But at today the West would have said that the poet was not tolerant enough, which led to death at the hands of the hands of a tolerant Frenchman. 5 February, risk Frenchman turns 210 years .
Whom did he love?
Dantes was a big rascal. In But not it wasn't there! A very ordinary Frenchman was not only not especially respected, but they even laughed at him. I had to use my imagination to give myself weight. Dantes began to tell incredible stories, according to his version, he was a hero who accomplished countless feats, was known as one of the best officers and was welcomed by his superiors. In fact, Dantes, while serving for three years in the regiment, earned 44 penalties, and & nbsp; all & nbsp; & mdash; due to lack of discipline. By the way, Dantes was distinguished by complete non-conflict, but he was an absolute slob, which Pushkin immediately noticed when he met him.
Baron Dantes in the 1830s. Portrait of T. Wright Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org
Many are sure that the cause of the conflict between Dantes and Pushkin was a beautiful lady: the wife of the poet Natalya Goncharova. According to other versions, Dantes had an affair with sister Natalia Catherine, whom he later married. True, some researchers are sure that this marriage turned out to be forced: they say, Dantes was not as much interested in women as in men. strong> Louis von Heeckeren. Prince Trubetskoydescribes Dantes and his adventures in this way: «Dantes… was stately, handsome, about twenty years old… As a foreigner he was better educated than us pages, and as a Frenchman witty, lively, cheerful. He was an excellent comrade and exemplary officer. And he was followed by pranks, but completely innocent and characteristic of young people, except for one, about which, however, we learned much later. I don't know how to say… At that time, in high society, humility (homosexuality) was developed. Judging by the fact that Dantes constantly courted the ladies, it must be assumed that in relations with Gekern he played only a passive role».
By the way, over time, Dantes began to be called Georges Charles de Heckeren Dantes, which caused even more gossip in secular society. How did he become Heeckeren? The Baron officially adopted the already 24-year-old Frenchman. True, before this was achieved, he had to obtain the consent of the king of the Netherlands. The baron had no other children besides Dantes. And Dantès himself in France had a real father.
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Baron Louis de Geckeren. Portrait by J. Kriehuber Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org
To this day, Dantes is accused of the death of the torch of Russian poetry, to which, in the opinion of many, his fleeting flirtation with Pushkin's wife led. But Prince Trubetskoy claimed that in those times such very innocent courtship that Dantes allowed himself was in the order of things, no one paid attention to them. Of course, Dantes often visited the Pushkins, even “dragged” for Natalya, as well as for all the beautiful women of the big world, but… “He didn't hit, as we then called it, — Trubetskoy recalled. — Frequent little notes brought by Lisa (Pushkina's maid) meant nothing: in our time it was a custom».
So why did Pushkin hate Dantes, why did their mutual dislike lead to a duel? According to the poet's comrades, Dantes was “disgusting” Pushkin “in his manner, somewhat impudent, in his language, less restrained than it should be with & nbsp; ladies.” “Pushkin could not stand Dantes and looked for an opportunity to get rid of him, to close the doors of his house to him. It was easiest for Natalie, but and the foolishness of typical did know how to get down to business — Prince Trubetskoy claimed.
By the way, they say that it was Pushkin who arranged the marriage of Dantes to Natalya's sister. Allegedly, the wife's maid Lisa handed over a note to Dantes. In it, Natalie reported that after the last meeting, when Pushkin saw them together at their house, she told her husband that Dantes had come to ask for Katya's hand in marriage. Only now the note was distinguished by a masculine style, so Dantes immediately suspected that Pushkin had compiled it. What to do? I had to get married.
Baroness Ekaterina Gekkeren, née Goncharova. Portrait by J.-B. Sabatier 1838 Paris. Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org
There is another explanation for the hasty marriage of Dantes to Catherine. In 1836, Alexander Sergeevich was given a letter, which reported that Natalie had a love affair not only with Dantes, but even with which, of course, was not true. Pushkin understood this very well, but could not allow such rumors to spread about his wife. It took him a long time to find out who this “virtue” was. And in the end I realized that the letter could have been sent by Baron Heckeren. Of course, Pushkin, with his hot temper, immediately challenged Dantes to a duel. But for the first time the conflict was hushed up. Heckeren did not expect such a turn, fearing that his dear friend would be killed by the torch of Russian poetry, and offered Dantes a way out: to marry Catherine. Pushkin won't shoot himself with a relative! But Pushkin only lasted a year. He couldn't forget grievances and personally sent a letter to Baron Gekkeren, in which he said what thinks of him, his overgrown child», about their scandalous connection and about diseases that Dantes distributes throughout the secular society. After that, Dantes agreed to a duel, in which he shot Pushkin.
Baron Georges Charles de Gekkern (Dantes) — mayor of Souls. ca. 1855 Photo: Commons.wikimedia.org
Dantès himself in this duel was knocked down by a shot, but not killed. Someone said that the button that stopped the bullet saved him, but skeptics say that this could not be. And it could be this: Dantes was suspected of that he allegedly put on a protective device under his outerwear, which saved his life.
After the duel, Dantes fled Russia, which had a positive effect on his later life. After 6 years, he became a member of the General Council of the Haut-Rhin department, and then — Chairman of this General Council and Peer of Sulz. Dantes himself, in his old age, said that the duel with Pushkin played a positive role in his life: if if he stayed in Russia, then most likely he would not have lived so long and happily.